Today's African countries that were completely or partly colonized by the German Empire comprise:
- Cameroon, Nigeria, Central African Republic, Chad, Guinea, Ghana, Togo, Gabon, Republic of The Congo (parts of German West Africa)
- Namibia, Botswana (parts of German South West Africa)
- Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique (parts of German East Africa)
Before the foundation of the German Empire in 1871, Brandenburg-Prussia (as part of the Holy Roman Empire) tried to establish several colonies in Ghana, Mauritania and Benin.