Very difficult to say. Depends on whether you mean oldest as a settlement, oldest as a capital of somewhere, or oldest as the capital of where it is currently the capital. For example, Rome is traditionally dated to 753 BCE (I think - haven't checked it), but it has only been the capital of Italy since the 1920s, as Italy didn't exist as a nation until 1860, and Turin was the capital most of the time. Athens has a very long history, but for most of it, Athens wasn't a capital. San Marino (city) has a fairly good claim, having been the capital of San Marino (republic) since 885 or thereabouts.
Mar 31 2006, 1:59 PM